There are three basis installation methods that are possibly encountered on an average site or project which are

Sand Over Compacted Road Base. (Pedestrian areas only.Not recommended for driveways due to potential subsidance)

Sand Over Concrete

Motar/Adhesive Over Concrete.

Sand Over Compacted Road Base

Firstly established the finished levels required (ensure there is sufficient height for drainage, do not cover the weep holes in the brickwork)

From the finished level excavate the area to an overall depth of approximately 130mm plus the thickness of the paver to allow for 100mm deep of road base and 30mm of coarse bedding sand.

Spread the road base to approximately 130mm loose thickness and compact with a vibrating plate to 100mm thick, if necessary repeat untill the correct level is obtained, ensuring the compacted road base allows for the correct falls and drainage mirroring that of the top of the pavers. The road base must be finished accurately.Do not leave humps or hollows in the road base as this prevent essential drainage through the coarse bedding sand possibly resulting in waterbourne staining and subsidence.

Spread and screed the coarse bedding sand to the required level (approximately the depth of the paver less 5mm for settlement below the finished height). Place the full pavers onto the coarse sand bedding in the desired pattern, while only walking on the pavers, do not disturb the sand screed by walking on it as this will result in an uneven finish on the surface.Ensure the pavers are leveled as you go.

Once the full pavers have been laid in the given area measure and fit those pavers that require cutting (see separate cutting instructions)

iPave recommends you use either a full or half paver around the perimiter as a border to contain and keep the cut pieces away from the edge

( see separate under set out )

Sweep the joints full with dry joint filling sand (see separate under grouting) and retain the edges (see separate under edge restraints)

If you feel the pavers require compaction then (see separate under compaction)

Due to potential sub-base and bedding sand wash out this laying method is not recommended on a slope over 5 degrees

This method is not suitable for tile installations. See mortar/adhesive installation method.

Sand Bedding Over Concrete

The concrete slab should be designed for the required application i.e domestic driveway, commercial heavy duty driveway/roadway, path etc and should be recessed approximately 30mm plus the thickness of the paver below the required finished height and accurate to drainage falls. In the case of a domestic installation as a guide100mm of reinforced concrete with a fine wood float finish should be sufficient.

Spread and screed approximately 30mm of coarse bedding sand over the entire concrete area to the required level (approximately the depth of the paver less 5mm for settlement below the finished height).

Place the full pavers onto the coarse sand bedding to the desired pattern, taking care to keep the lines straight by checking each row with a string line, while only walking on the pavers, do not disturb the sand screed by walking on it as this will result in an uneven finish on the surface.Ensure the pavers are leveled as you go.

Once the full pavers have been laid in the given area measure and fit those pavers that require cutting (see separate cutting instructions)

iPave recommends you use either a full or half paver around the perimiter as a border to contain and keep the cut pieces from the edge

( see separate under set out )

Once the full pavers have been laid remove the border pavers and the sand beneath them, re-fitting the border pavers by wet bedding them with (3:1 sand and cement) mortar. (see separate under edge restraints )

Sweep the joints full with dry joint filling sand (see separate under grouting) and retain the edges (see separate under edge restraints)

If you feel the pavers require compaction then (see separate under compaction)

When making your selection ensure the paver chosen is suitable suitable for this method of laying

Due to potential sub-base and bedding sand wash out this laying method is not recommended on a slope over 5 degrees

Motar/Adhesive Over Concrete

The concrete slab should be designed for the required application i.e domestic driveway, commercial heavy duty driveway/roadway, path etc and should be recessed approximately (25mm for mortar) (5mm for adhesive/glue) plus the thickness of the paver below the required finished height and poured accurate to drainage falls. In the case of a domestic installation as a guide100mm thick of reinforced concrete with a fine wood float finish should be sufficient.

Mortar bedding use clean washed sand and cement at a ratio of 3 parts sand to 1 part cement thoroughly mixed screeded accurate to falls to a depth of approximately 25mm,dust the surface of the mortar liberally with dry neat cement allowing the moisture from the mortar to wet the neat cement.Do not spread more mortar than can be covered by the paving before it commences to set.

iPave recommends you use either a full or half paver around the perimiter as a border to contain and keep the cut pieces from the edge

( see separate under set out )

Place the pavers in the required pattern, taking care to keep the lines straight by checking each row with a string line and fitting the cut pieces as you go, untill the area is paved.

Remove any surplus bedding material at the completion of each days work.

Ensure any excess cement, mortar or dust from cutting is removed from the surface of the paver before it commences to set.

Grouting can commence after 24 hours in either the rigid or flexible method (see separate under grouting)

iPave do not recommend this method of installation to the handyman

Adhesive Bedding use a good quality flexible adhesive such as Readyfix Elasta Grip, mix according to the instructions, notch the adhesive out with a 12mmx12mm notch trowel (do not spread more adhesive than be covered before it commences to skin over) approximately 1m2 at a time.

iPave recommends you use either a full or half paver around the perimiter as a border to contain and keep the cut pieces from the edge

( see separate under set out )

Place the pavers in the required pattern, taking care to keep the lines straight by checking each row with a string line and fitting the cut pieces as you go, untill the area is paved.

Ensure any excess cement, mortar or dust from cutting is removed from the surface of the paver before it commences to set.

Grouting can commence after 24 hours in eithe rthe rigid or flexible method (see separate under grouting)

Remember fast is not always fast and a clean job always comes out better